Iai – Drawing the sword.

Iaido – The art of drawing and cutting with the sword.

Iai-jutsu – The art of drawing the sword.

Iaito – Practice sword for Iaido.

Iai-hiza – Sitting with knee raised.

Ichi – One.

Iie – No.

Iki – Breath, the physical act of respiration.

Ikkyo – Technique number one, first teaching or principle.

Ikkyu – 1st kyu rank.

Irimi – Entering technique to bring nage in close to uke without meeting in a head on clash. To enter. Moving into and through the line of attack with no thought of escape. Physically and spiritually entering into an opposing force in order to defuse and neutralize it.

Irimi Ukemi – Entering backfall.

Irimi Nage – Entering breath throw.

Itai – “It hurts”.

Iwama – Town in Ibaragi Prefecture. Location of Morihei Ueshiba’s Aiki Shrine, outdoor dojo and farm.

Ji Jinja – A (Shinto) shrine.

Jiyu waza – A Freestyle practice of techniques.

Jo – Wooden training staff.

Jodan – Upper level position when holding the sword, a high hand position.

Jodan Uchi – Upper level strike.

Jo dori – Techniques for disarming an opponent armed with a jo.

Joeski – Upper side of the mat or dojo; opposite the shinoseki.

Jo tai ken – Training with jo paired against the sword.

Ju Ten – Ju The principle of flexibility, suppleness, gentleness, and pliability. The willow aspect of Aikido techniques and philosophy.

Judan – 10th degree black belt, or ten steps, or 10th step.

Judo – The ‘gentle way’; martial art developed by Kano Jigoro, maximum efficiency, minimum effort.

Juji Nage – Twist throw, crossed arm throw.

Jujutsu – Art of applying the principle of flexibility and unarmed methods of self defense.

Jyu – Free style.

Jyu waza – Free style technique/practice.

Kachihayabi – Victory at the speed of sunlight.

Kaeshi – A turn over, give back, or turn up and away from body.

Kaeshi Waza – Technique reversal. Uke becomes Nage and vise-versa.

Kaeshi Uchi – Kaeshitsuki.

Kaiden – The samurai was a master technician and superior warrior.

Kaishaku – A second in ritual suicide, he removes the head after the traditional cuts are made.

Kaiso – A title for the founder. Used in reference to Morihei Ueshiba founder of Aikido.

Kaiten – To revolve or rotate. To open and turn. To enter and turn in combination.

Kaiten Nage – Rotary throw.

Kake – Application of the throw or joint lock, where uke is thrown to the ground and subdued.

Kake jiku – Hanging scroll.

Kamae – A posture or stance of readiness. ‘combative’ posture.

Kami – A divinity, living force, gods or divine spirit. Deity, holy inspiration, guardian angel, enlightened human being.

Kamidana – School shrine. A small Shinto altar or shrine.

Kami-no-ashi – Side (or foot) nearest the school shrine when executing iai kata.

Kamiza – A small shrine, especially in Aikido, generally located to the front of the dojo, and often housing a picture of the founder, or some calligraphy. Upper seat of the mat opposite the shimoza.

Kancho Kannagara – Flow of creative energy which reaches from the past into the future. The stream of God.

Kansetsu Waza – Joint manipulation techniques.

Kansha – Deep and heartfelt gratitude.

Kata – As in jo-no-kata, Form practice of prearranged exercise. “Fixed form”.

Kata – As in kata-tori , Shoulder.

Kata – As in kata-te-tori, one, of a pair. Hold by one hand.

Kata Tori – Shoulder hold or grab.

Katame Waza – Hold down (pinning) techniques.

Katana – Japanese long sword.

Katate Dori – One hand technique. One hand holding one hand.

Katate Dori Hantai – Cross hand technique.

Katsu Jin Ken – The sword that saves life.

Keiko – Practice session; training; study. Reflection and refinement; to return to the original and discover reality. “Use accumulated wisdom to illuminate the past”.

Keiki gi – Practice uniform; see Gi.

Ken – Japanese sword.

Kenkyo – Confidence, modesty.

Ken-jitsu / Ken jutsu – Sword fighting with an unsheathed sword. Way of the sword.

Kenshi – Old term used for sword master.

Kensho – Enlightenment.

Kesa giri – Scapular cut with sword.

Ki (Chi or Qi in Chinese) – Spirit, a stream or flow of positive energy. The vital force of the body . Universal energy. The essence of universal creative energy.

Ki no nagare – Fluid form of a technique. Free flowing techniques.

Ki Musubi Ki No Musubi – literally, knotting / tying-up Ki. Ki blending.

Kiai – The release of spiritual and physical power in the form of a piercing scream or cry originating in the hara. Lit. ‘spirit shout’. “Meeting of the spirits”. Has practical and psychological value. Piercing shout.

Kihon – Foundation, basis, standard, or basic. A series of prearranged attacks and defenses preformed against an opponent using a bokken. Basic form of a technique.

Kihon dosa – Basic exercises.

Kihon waza – Basic or fundamental techniques

Kikai Tanden – See tanden.

Kiriage/Kiritsuki – Cutting.

Kisaki – Tip of the sword blade.

Kizu – Flaws on the sword blade.

Kobo itchi – The principle that there can be no separation between defense and offense in combat.

Kodogu – Hardware on sword.

Koehi / Kohai – Junior student. Beginner. You owe them your help and support.

Kojiri – Cap on end of scabbard.

Kogifune undo – Rowing exercise

Kohai – An aikidoka that is junior to another in rank and/or experience.

Koho ukemi – Backward roll

Kojiki – ‘Record of Ancient Matters. Complied in 712, relates the spiritual history of Japan.

Kokoro – Heart, mind, or spirit.

Kokyu – Breathing, the power of breath and life force. Coordination of ki flow with breathing. Animating breath. “Good timing”,

Koyku Ho – Exercise to foster breath power.

Kokyudosa – Kneel-sit exercise, breath. Off balancing and pinning your partner with your ‘ki’ instead of physical power.

Kokyu Nage – Breath throw.

Kokyu ryoku – Breath power

Kokyu tanden – Ho Kneel-sit exercise.

Komban Wa – Good evening.

Konichi Wa – Hello, good day, used after 10am.

Koryu – Ancient (or classical).

Koshi – Hips. Waist.

Koshi-ita – Stiff back on hakama.

Koshi Nage – Hip throw.

Kosatori – Cross hand technique.

Kote – Small hand (wrist area).

Kote Gaeshi – Technique number six, wrist turn-out throw.

Kotodama, Kototama – The spiritual function of sound. “Word Spirit” of existence; the resonance between the mysterious seed syllables of kototama gives body to language, poetry prayer , and song and allows one to summon forth physical power.

Kudan – 9th degree black belt, or nine steps, or 9th step.

Kuden – Secret techniques imparted by word of mouth; direct person to person, heart to heart transmission.

Kumidachi – Another name for kihons.

Kumitachi – Sword matching exercise (partner practice).

Kumijo Jo – matching exercise (partner practice).

Kyoshi – “Master”, Sword master , one rank below hanshi.

Kyu – White belt grade. Mudansha or ‘undergraduate’.

Ku – Nine.

Ku – Emptiness; the void created by Aikido techniques

Kubi – Neck.

Kuchi – Mouth.

Ma ai – The distance of time and space between two forces (uke & nage). The movement of mind, the stream of spirit and the direction in which mind and spir it move along with physical distance, determine the balance and proper use of space. Harmony of space. Perfect spacing.

Mae – Front or forward, as in Mae-Ukemi (forwa rd roll).

Mae geri – Front kick

Marui – Circular motion

Masakatsu – True victory.

Mawashi – Turn.

Mawashi geri – Side Kick Me Eyes.

Men – Face, head.

Menkyo – “Licensed”, at this stage, the samurai was highly skilled technician and a seasoned fighter.

Men uchi – Downward (head) strike with sword.

Menui – Ornament on sword handle.

Metsubushi – Smashing eye blow Migi Right (direction).

Migi Kamae – Right (direction) posture or stance

Migite – Right hand.

Misogi – Purification of mind, body and spirit. Sweating is misogi, cleaning is misogi, fasting is misogi, keiko is misogi.

Mituske – Eye focusing and direction

Mochi – To hold.

Mokuso – Meditation. Period of meditative calm. Done at the start of class.

Moku-roku – This was the middle step and signified that a samurai was an accomplished fighter

Morote tsuki – Thrusting the sword forward whi le holding the handle with both hands.

Morote Tori – Two hands holding one hand, wrist, forearm

Mudansha – Students without black belt rank.

Mugamae – No posture

Mune – Chest.

Mune – Back side of the sword handle.

Mune Dori – One or two hand lapel hold or chest grab.

Munen – To have no thoughts.

Muramasa – Swordsmith.

Mushin – No mind, a mind without ego (Zen term). A mind like a mirror which reflects and does not judge.

Musubi – Opposites are but different images of the same reality. Musubi is the process of their unification. Blending. It is the movement of the spiral.

Munetsuki – Punch to the stomach.

Myoyo – Nagare Flow, unbroken, projection of ki during execut ion of technique.

Nage – One who throws. The defender who executes the techni que (also Tori)

Nai kan gyo – Silence and action are training which teaches us to still the mind and see inside.

Ni – Two.

Nidan – 2nd degree black belt or two steps or 2nd step.

Nikyo – echnique number two. Second principle or teaching.

Nikyu – 2nd kyu.

No Noto – Returning the sword to scabbard.

Nukikata – Drawing the sword from the scabbard.

Obi – Belt. Kuro obi is ‘black belt’

Ogi – “Hidden” techniques; the highest and most subtle level of technical appl ication.

Ohayo Gozaimasu – Good morning, used after 10am.

Oku-iri – “Entrance to secrets”, This was the first credential. It signified that a warrior was an accomplished samurai and an instructor in the tradition he trained in.

Omoiyari – A mind of concern for others feeling s, safety and situation.

Omote – To the front, going in front. Forward.

Omotokyo – One of the so-called “new- religions” of Japan. Shamanistic religion established by Nao Deguchi and Onisaburo Deguchi.

Omote Sankaku – Forward triangular stance

Onegai Shimasu – I make a request. “Let’s train together and help each other”.

Osae Waza – Pinning techniques.

O’sensei – Great teacher, title used for the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba.

Oyasumi Nasai – Good night.

Oyo waza – Variations on basic techniques, techniques in practical self defense applications.