Ai – Harmony, unity, to join or become one with. The word carries the feeling of the strength and power of natural forces. Coming together , integration.

Ai – (Different kanj i character , same pronunciation) Love

Ai Hanmi – Mutual stance where Uke & Nage each have the same foot forward. Equal Stance. Aiki The blending of two (or more) energies, harmonization, perfect integration.

Aiki Budo – Name used to describe Morihei Ueshiba’s art in the pre-war period.

Aiki Jinja – The Aiki Shrine in Iwama, Japan that was bui lt by Morihei Ueshiba.

Aiki Jo – Staff techniques according to Aiki principles.

Aiki Ken – Swordsmanship, according to the princi ples of Aikido Aiki-O-Kami The Great Spirit of Aiki; Supreme Symbol of Aikido ideals.

Ai Nuki – Mutual (simultaneous) escape . Mutual preservation; the goal of Aikido

Ai Uchi – Mutual or Equal strike – the negation of Aikido.

Aikido Ai – Harmony, Ki – Spirit, Do – The way or path. The way of harmony.

Aikidoka – A practitioner of Aikido.

Aikikai – Aiki association.

Aiki Taiso – Aikido warm up exercises.

Aiki Toshi – Aiki drop technique.

Aikuchi – Dagger without tsuba.

Agatsu – Self victory.

Age Ame-No- Ukihashi – “floating bridge of heaven”; symbolizes the link between the material and the spiritual realms of existence.

Arigato Gozaimasu – Thank You.

Ashi – Leg or foot.

Ashi sabaki – Footwork.

Atemi – Defensive strike directed at the attacker for purposes of unbalancing or distraction so a technique can be effectively applied. It is not necessarily meant to inflict injury.

Atemi Waza – Striking techniques.

Awase – Blending, drawing out one’ s partner by initiating the techniques. Blend with opponents direction of movement and manner of attack.

Ayumi ashi – Corresponding to ordinary walking.

Barai Biraki Bokken (Boken) – Wooden practice sword, corresponding to the shape of a katana.

Bu – Martial; pertaining to military combat Budo The way of the warrior arts.

Budoka – Martial art practitioner.

Bugei – Martial skills.

Bu-jutsu – Classical Japanese martial arts.

Bushi – Feudal term for warrior (samurai).

Bushido – Warrior’s code, the way of the warrior.

Bushin – Martial spirit.

Chiburi – Removal of blood from the sword.

Chinkon Kishin – ‘Calming the spirit & returning to the source’, an Aikido meditation technique.

Chokusen – Direct. Thus Chokusen No Irimi = direct entry.

Chudan – Mid level, centered readiness with the sword. Middle position.

Chudan No Kamae – A stance, middle position with hand and sword.

Chushin – Center alignment

Dan – Degrees of black belt rank.

Daisho – Two swords, one long and one short, worn by the samurai.

Daito – Long sword worn by the samurai.

Datto – Removing the sword from the belt.

De In Deai – The moment of truth. The moment of the joining of two forces.

Deshi – Student; pupil; disciple

Dirk – Small knife used in ritual suicide.

Do – The way or path. A way of life. Spiritual path to follow.

Dogi – Practice uniform; see Gi.

Dojo – School or practice hall. Literally ‘place of the way’. Formerly a term used by Buddhist priests in reference to their place of worship.

Dojo Cho – The head of the dojo. Dojo leader. Chief instructor.

Domo Arigato – Thank you.

Domo Arigato Gozaimashita – Thank you very much.

Doka – ‘Songs (poems) of the Way’; didactic poems of the founder.

Dosa – An Exercise; Basic movements.

Dori (tori) – A grab or hold.

Doshi – Friend. Comrade.

Doshu – Head of the way, Grandmaster, currently Moriteru Ueshiba, grandson of the founder, Morihei Ueshiba.

Dozo – Please.

Embu – The practice of martial arts.

Engi – (Inter)dependent origination.

En-no-irimi – Circular entry, entering behind an attack and controlling it in a circular motion.

Fudo no shisei – Immovable (firm and steady) posture.

Fudo Shin – “Immovable Mind”. “Steadfast spirit”, unassailable presence of mind.

Fukushidoin – A formal title, approximating “assistant instructor”. First level instructor.

Furi Kaburi – Sword raising movement.

Furi Tama – ‘Shaking down the spirit (soul)’. A common Aikido meditation technique adapted from ancient Shinto ritual.

Fukushindoin – First instructors rank (generally 2nd or 3rd dan).

Gaeshi – To reverse. Phonetic change of Kaeshi.

Gaku – Horizontal signboard, displaying the name of the dojo or philosophical aphorism.

Gasshaku – Intensive training camp.

Gedan – Low (hand) position.

Gedanbarai – Gedankiriage Lower level slash upwards.

Gedanuchi – Lower level strike.

Gi – White training uniform.

Go – Five.

Godan – 5th degree black belt, or five steps, or fifth step.

Gokyo – Technique number five.

Gokyu – 5th kyu rank.

Go No Sen – To seize the initiative at the instant of attack and deliver a counter attack.

Goshin – Self defense.

Gozimashita – The class.

Gyaku – Hold or throw which risks the breaking of a joint.

Gyaku Hamni – Opposite Stance. Reverse oblique position.

Gyo – Physical or spiritual exercise.

Ha – Cutting edge of the sword.

Hachi – Eight.

Hachidan – 8th degree black belt, or eight steps, or 8th step.

Hai – Yes!

Haishin – Back stretching.

Hakama – A divided skirt like wide pants, worn over the gi. Symbol of the Samurai culture.

Hanmi – Guard, stance, the relaxed triangular stance of Aikido. A posture in which one foot is advanced one step and the body weight is distributed equally of both feet. It is stable yet flexible enough to move quickly in any direction.

Hanmi-Handachi (Hantachi) – Techniques practiced with nage sitting or kneeling and uke standing.

Hanshi – “Polished master” sword master.

Hantai – In reverse order. Opposite. (crosshand grab).

Happo – Eight directions.

Happo Undo – Eight Direction Exercise.

Happo Giri – Eight Direction Cutting with the sword.

Hara – The lower abdomen. The center of life energy, physical and spiritual. The center of existence. The belly. The center of gravity. The seat of ki and inner strength.

Hara-kiri – Slang term for ritual suicide.

Hasso – Ready position with sword in which the weapon is held vertical.

Hasso No Kamae – Figure 8 stance, not the arabic “8” but the Chinese character which looks like the roof of a house.

Henka Waza – Varied Technique, changing in mid execution.

Henobe – Formal samurai attire.

Hidari – Left direction.

Hidari Kamae – Left posture or stance.

Hidarite – Left hand.

Hiji – Elbow.

Hiji Tori – Elbow grab.

Hiji Nage – Elbow throw.

Hiji Waza – Techniques that attack elbow joints.

Hineri – A twist.

Hiraki – Distance, gap, difference.

Ho – As in Kokyu-ho a method or way.

Hombu Dojo – Central dojo of an organization; usually designates the Aikido World Headquarters in Tokyo.